A hand surgeon is a physician who is proficient in both the non-surgical and surgical treatment of most hand and upper extremity conditions. After completing a residency in general, plastic, or orthopaedic surgery, hand surgeons complete an additional year of training in the injuries, diseases, and conditions unique to the hand and arm. The complete care of the hand and upper extremity involves specialized techniques in orthopaedic, plastic, neurologic, arthroscopic, and microvascular surgery — combining features from multiple surgical specialites. Over the last several decades, there have been enormous strides in the understanding and treatment of hand and upper extremity conditions. RHC physicians and therapists stay informed of the latest developments in upper extremity care though weekly conferences and national meetings. National board certification is available in both orthopaedic surgery and hand surgery. All Raleigh Hand Center physicians are board certified or eligible.